Cervix is a hollow organ that connects to the vagina which is a lower part of the female reproductive system. And it consists of two different types. When these cells get affected they may start to multiply rapidly leading to cervical cancer.
Even when the cells begin to multiply at a rapid pace not all cases lead to cancers. But these cells when identified early can help in removing these cells thereby reducing the risk of cervical cancer.
What are the important types of cervical cancer?
As previously mentioned the cells in the cervix are of two types, hence there are two major types of cervical cancers that include adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinoma. The majority of the cases reported are of squamous cell carcinoma about 80% to 90%.
In the early cervical cancer stages, the signs may not show any signs hence it might be difficult to identify them. Usually it takes a couple of years before the signs show up.
What are the common symptoms of cervical cancers?
The common signs of cervical cancer can include:
- Heavy periods that are longer.
- Foul-smelling vaginal discharge that is watery.
- Spotting of blood in the urine.
- Severe pain while passing urine
- General fatigue
- Pain while passing stools
- Pain in the pelvic area
If you begin to notice any unusual discharge from the vagina with a foul smell, reach out to the doctor immediately to get yourself checked.
What is the major cause of cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is a condition that is generally caused by a virus called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). This virus also is known to cause to genital warts. In case you have an HPV infection does not mean you have cervical cancer, as HPV has different strains that cause various types of infections. Reach out to the best Cervical Cancer Hospital in Coimbatore in case you are looking for cervical cancer treatment.
Does cervical cancer cause any pain?
As mentioned cervical cancer does not show any symptoms in the early stages. But as the disease progresses nearby tissues and organs can get affected leading to pain in the pelvic area and sometimes even while urinating people experience pain.
What are the different types of treatments offered for cervical cancer?
Depending on the stage of the cancer the treatment might be determined by the doctor. In case the cervical cancer is in the early stage then the treatment might be less extensive.
Surgery is a procedure that involves in the removal of the abnormal growth of tissue along with little healthy tissue, the different types of surgical procedures include:
This procedure includes the removal of uterus and cervix. There are two types of hysterectomy that include radical and simple. A simple hysterectomy involves removing the cervix alone. A radical hysterectomy involves the removal of the uterus, upper vagina, and cervix.
In case you are planning for pregnancy and undergoing surgery for cervical cancer it is important you talk to your doctor regarding your options after the surgery.
Radiation therapy for cervical cancer utilizes high energy X-rays to destroy the cancer cells. Radiation therapy is an effective substitute for surgical removal of cancer cells. The most commonly performed radiation therapy is referred to as external-beam radiation treatment which uses an external machine to send the radiation to the tumor.
Medications for cervical cancer treatment:
Medications usually prescribed for cervical cancers are generally injected directly into the bloodstream for an effective outcome. Although there are other drugs that are given orally in the form of a pill.
The types of medications used in cervical cancer are:
Chemotherapy is a widely used medication therapy in the cervical treatment. Chemotherapy is a procedure where medication is provided either intravenously or in the form of a pill. Usually chemotherapy is performed along with radiation therapy. Also the patient may be recommended a combination of medications.
Targeted therapy is a procedure that involves targeting the cancer causing genes and tissues. But not all tumors have fixed gene targets, and also they do not have the same location. To identify the right set genes your doctor might suggest a few tests to match the genes and recommend the therapy accordingly.
Immunotherapy is a procedure that focuses on building the immune system to help the immune system fight the cancer cells.
Is there a way to identify cervical cancers early?
Usually cervical cancers can be identified early with pelvic examinations. Although pelvic exams are generally recommended by the doctor after understanding your medical and sexual history. Usually women above the age of 25 and are sexually active are recommended to undergo screening as this reduces the risk of cervical cancers and gonorrhea.
Can you prevent cervical cancers?
Although complete prevention of cervical cancer is not completely successful. But following a few tips can significantly reduce the chances of developing cervical cancer.
- Following safe sex
- Regular doctor visits for screening
- Following a healthy lifestyle
- Quitting smoking
Can you get pregnant even with cervical cancer?
Once you undergo treatment for cervical cancer you can get pregnant normally. But few treatment options like surgery may affect your chances of getting pregnant. Hence talking to your doctor regarding this before undergoing treatment is advised.
Cancer is a word that brings both shock and scare. But when detected early it ensures complete recovery and minimizes your chances of recurrence. Following a healthy lifestyle and taking proper care of your health reduces your risk significantly. Talk to an oncologist in Coimbatore in case you have any concerns about cervical cancer.