A Diabetes of the endocrine system that is defined as the bodies incapacity effectively use insulin to control blood glucose levels. It has a myriad of negative health effects and, if should it not be treated, it could cause developing a vast variety of other illnesses.
It’s crucial to pay at the body’s signals to you, and have regular examinations regularly. It is possible to miss warning signs and risk compromising your health.
Here are seven symptoms and conditions associated with diabetes:
1. Foot Ulcers
A diabetic ulcer in the foot can be a typical condition that occurs in people with Type one and Type 2. The wounds that are not healing appear on the bottom or on the side of a foot, and are often painful and contagious. If they are not treated immediately there is a risk of more serious complications, such as the possibility of amputation. It is highly recommended that diabetics keep a close eye on their feet and take note of any swelling, redness or discoloration that develops. Being aware of these signs early will prevent further deterioration of the problem, and lead to an effective treatment.
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2. Cardiovascular Disease
The risk of developing cardiovascular disease is higher in people who suffer from diabetes. It is the American Heart Association (AHA) considers diabetes to be one of the seven main risks that can be managed to prevent cardiovascular disease. While there are medicines that help manage your blood sugar level, people who suffer from Type 2 diabetes are at an increased risk of having elevated blood pressure, irregular cholesterol, obesity, inactivity, and excessive blood sugar levels, all of which directly impact the health of your heart.
The AHA is also adamant that those who suffer from diabetes are two to 4 times more likely be diagnosed with heart disease than people with diabetes, demonstrating the severity of this disease as well as the necessity of getting prompt treatment.
3. Vision Impairment
Based on the National Eye Institute (NEI) which is a which is part of the agency known as the National Institutes of Health, there are two types of diabetic eye conditions that may develop in the form of diabetic retinopathy as well as diabetic macular edema (DME). The former is often associated with vision loss, whereas the latter can result from swelling in the retina. Like foot ulcers, early detection is crucial to avoiding permanent damage. However, as NEI states: “Because diabetic retinopathy,” particularly, “often lacks early symptoms, people with diabetes should get a comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once a year.”
4. Gum Disease
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) states: “When diabetes is not controlled, high glucose levels in your saliva help harmful bacteria grow.” This could lead to gum and dental issues, such as gingivitis, periodontitis, and candidiasis which is also known as gum diseases.
Additionally, the development of a condition such as gum disease, can make it harder for people with diabetes to control their blood sugar because impaired teeth may hinder their ability to chew various foods. It is crucial for those who suffer from diabetes to maintain proper oral hygiene practices including thoroughly cleaning your teeth, flossing and brushing each day. Also, be on the lookout for signs of swelling or sensitive gums.
The report from 2010 “Fatigue in Patients with Diabetes: A Review,” released with the U.S. National Library of Medicine states how fatigue may be a frequent aspect of diabetes in addition. This makes performing basic everyday tasks more difficult. The motivation of your body will decrease because of the exhaustion that is so severe. But, sleeping a lot doesn’t help you feel better This could lead to consequences, including changes in your personality or mood shifts.
Diabetes sufferers are at a higher chance of having stroke. There are many mechanisms at play in the reason for this. One of them is endothelial dysfunction. It causes inflammation and damages to the arterial system of the body. In this situation the health and function of the arteries are impaired, causing stiffness and inflammation, and also increasing the number of plaques or atherosclerosis. With more thick plaques and stiffer arteries, patients are more likely to suffer from an obstruction or bleeding clots. Patients with diabetes also face an increased risk of hypertension, and this also increases the chance of having a stroke.
7. Nerve Damage
The NIDDK states that diabetes untreated can lead to a range of nerve problems. The most frequent kind of nerve damage is in the hands and feet (peripheral neuropathy) that can result in decreased sensation, numbness, as well as sometimes, pain in these areas. Nerves that regulate digestion the erectile system and blood pressure control bladder function, and more are also susceptible to damage. In reality about 60-70% of diabetics develop the same type damaged nerve.